Injuries in Football
Injuries in football
Injuries in football are unfortunately part of the game. They can be divided into traumatic (a sudden injury) and atraumatic (comes on gradually).
After a mild to moderate traumatic injury the best advice initially is to adopt the RICE regime. (LINK to something likehttp://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Sports-injuries/Pages/Treatment.aspx ) If symptoms persist for more than 5 days it is advisable to be assessed by a Physiotherapist or GP.
If the person is in extreme pain or unable to put weight on the leg it is recommended to go to A+E to get things checked.
Atraumatic injuries (gradually comes on) usually need to be checked to establish what has caused the symptoms. A Physiotherapist would be able to advise on the likely diagnosis and best treatment.
Growth related injuries can occur in the younger player such as Osgood Shlatters (LINK to our info page) and Severs Disease (LINK to our info page). They can require treatment and a period of rest from playing whist performing rehabilitative exercises
A twisted ankle is the single most common injury in football (link) http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/footballdevelopment/medical/playershealth/injuries/commoninjuries/ankle.html . If there is just ligament damage it will settle with rest and appropriate management. The most important thing after an ankle injury is to ensure there is excellent strength and proprioception (balance) before returning to play. Otherwise there is a risk it will reoccur become a long term weakness.
One of the most severe injuries in football is an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear of the knee. This may require surgery and take a 9-12 month recovery period. There are other structures that can be injured with a twisted knee. Most will improve with Physiotherapy but some may require key hole surgery. It is always best to get it checked. Other important care athletes need to have if they practice a lot of sports outside is the skin, since is always exposed to the sun and other conditions, so using treatments from different sites online as 10naturalhomeremedies.com could be really helpful with this.
The hamstrings (the muscle at the back of your thigh) can get injured with sprinting or sudden changes of pace. These require a period of rest/stretching/strengthening/gradual return to playing. The time period will depend on the severity of the tear.
Injuries will always be part of the sport but there are certain steps that can be taken to reduce the chances:
Most professional clubs perform musculoskeletal and functional movement screening on all of their players from age 8 upwards. This is to establish if an individual has any weakness that will make them more prone to injury. When an area is identified, corrective prehabilitative exercise programme is given. (LINK to our screening)
A great start for all players is adopting the FIFA 11+ (LINK) http://f-marc.com/11plus/home/ FIFA recommend these exercises are supervised initially as it is important to perform them with correct technique.